When faced with a situation needing immediate medical attention, it is imperative that some medicines are stocked up on so that rushing to the pharmacy at odd hours is avoided. First aid kits are composed of the most frequently used medicines, salves and accessory equipment that especially come in handy in case of fever, cold, injuries and burns.

The most common components of first aid kits found in every home are –

  • Plasters in different shapes and sizes
  • Different sizes of sterile gauze dressings
  • A minimum of two sterile eye dressings
  • Bandages for injuries and cramps
  • Safety pins
  • Disposable sterile gloves
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Sticky tape
  • Cleansing wipes (alcohol free)
  • Electrolyte mix
  • Laxative for constipation
  • Thermometer
  • Cream for skin rashes (hydrocortisone or calendula)
  • Antiseptic cream
  • Spray/cream to relieve insect bites and stings
  • Painkillers (paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen)
  • Antihistamine (either cream or tablets)
  • Distilled water for cleaning wounds
  • Eye wash or eye bath

Apart from these essentials, when there is a baby at home, some other additions are to be made to the first aid kit (the items required for the baby can be kept separate). Given that babies under the age of 1 year are very prone to catching infections and experience ailments like teething, gassiness, stuffy nose and fever, special first aid kits put together for them can come in handy.

Some items that should be added to the kid specific first aid kits have been mentioned below.

  • For newborns
    • Nasal aspirator
    • Nail clippers
    • Rectal thermometers (for quick reading)
    • Saline drops
    • Cotton balls or gauze pads
  • For babies older than 6 months
    • Bandages
    • Fever/pain medicines (acetaminophen/ibuprofen)
    • Allergy relieving medicines (oral diphenhydramine – Benadryl)
    • Hand sanitizers and alcohol wipes
    • Antibiotic ointment
    • Gauze
    • Scissors
    • Tape
    • Gloves

Travelling with family to different places is a good way to make long lasting memories for parents as well as children. Especially, when the kids are young, they are very curious about what goes around them and the expressions on their faces when they’re looking at something new is priceless and very satisfying for the parents. Though travelling with kids is delightful, it is also challenging, as in the kids are very prone to injuring themselves with unknown objects, catching infections and may have some preexisting medical condition which if not taken care of on time can put a damper on the travel plans. Therefore, some of the essential medical supplies that should be carried by parents in the first-aid kit when travelling with young kids are –

  • Pediatric medicines which are milder in dosage
    • Fever and pain reliever
    • Steroid salve for itching
    • Antihistamines for allergic reactions
    • Cough and cold medicine
    • Antibiotic ointments
  • Regular first aid kit
  • If the child has an illness, some other aspects need to be taken care of
    • Keeping a stock of medicines taken by the child regularly
    • If the child has respiratory problems, portable nebulizers should be carried while travelling
    • It is necessary to take note of the hospitals and other healthcare providers present in the area travelling to in case the baby’s health worsens.
    • Having a medical alert bracelet on the child’s person is important is the parents aren’t around the immediate vicinity of the child’s location especially if the child suffers from food allergies, diabetes, seizures, etc.
    • Visiting the child’s doctor before travelling is a must to ensure that the child is in good health and will be able to travel safely

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